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Tips and guides

There are resources available to help you understand, manage and prevent disputes.

Alternative Dispute Resolution Glossary

The Alternative Dispute Resolution Glossary (PDF 517KB) includes common terms used in alternative dispute resolution (ADR) in Australia.

Our Assistance Team maintains a list of dispute resolution specialists who can conduct alternative dispute resolution (ADR) processes under our legislation and work with us to help keep small businesses out of the courts. The specialists sign up to an ADR Agreement (PDF 216KB). The list compiles affordable ADR providers (clearly outlining price structures to ensure cost transparency) and is shared with small businesses who come to us for help.  

Independent contractors: a guide to preventing and managing disputes

The Independent contractors – a guide to preventing and managing disputes (PDF 1MB) can help save you time, money and headaches by showing you how to prevent and resolve business disputes. The guide also includes information on how to improve your business practices to prevent disputes and maintain business relationships when they look like breaking down.

Small Business and the Competition and Consumer Act

The Small Business and the Competition and Consumer Act aims to help small businesses understand their rights and obligations under the Competition and Consumer Act and the Australian Consumer Law. These include providing small businesses with the authority to bargain collectively and protecting small companies from misleading and deceptive conduct and anti-competitive behaviour.

Your Guide to Dispute Resolution

Your Guide to Dispute Resolution contains information to help you manage and resolve disputes, including information about:

  • alternative dispute resolution (ADR) and the national principles for resolving disputes
  • identifying when you have a dispute
  • preventing disputes
  • resolving a dispute on your own
  • ADR processes you could use to help you resolve a dispute.

Unfair Contract Terms Law

Under the Unfair Contract Terms Law – administered by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) and the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) – contract terms presented to a small business may be removed if they’re considered by a court or tribunal to unfairly benefit one party over the other.

The law applies to a standard form contract entered into or renewed on or after 12 November 2016, where:

  • it is for the supply of goods or services or the sale or grant of an interest in land;
  • at least one of the parties is a small business (employs less than 20 people, including casual employees employed on a regular and systematic basis); and
  • the upfront price payable under the contract is no more than $300 000 or $1 million if the contract is for more than 12 months.

If a contract was varied on or after 12 November 2016, the law will apply to the varied terms.

Only a court or tribunal can determine if a contract is unfair, bu there are a range of services available if you find an unfair contract term, or if you are in a dispute over a contract term. Contact details for the relevant services in your state or territory can be found under Legal assistance.

Further information on Unfair Contract Terms Law can be found on the ACCC website, or the ASIC website for financial contracts.

Tips to improve contracting and avoid disputes

  1. Know who you are dealing with. Look behind the business name, check references and meet with them. Ensure the person you are dealing with has the authority to enter into and amend contracts.
  2. Communicate goals and expectations. Make sure your employees know and understand the goals and values of your business and what is expected of them. Make sure they are aware of the scope of their authority to enter into or amend contracts on your behalf.
  3. Put agreed work in writing at the start. Your agreement should outline the goods/services to be provided, quality and quantity specifications, the price or basis for calculating charges, payment terms, timeframes, delivery terms, etc.
  4. Agree dispute resolution processes. An agreed process, included in your written agreement, will allow for disputes to be dealt with quickly and cost effectively, and you will be more likely to preserve the business relationship.
  5. Get advice before you sign. Don’t rely on what the other party says, a contract is legally binding and you should get professional advice before you sign. Ask your lawyer to colour-code the rights and responsibilities of each party.
  6. Estimate the costs. Provide a quote. If you charge for services on a time basis, keep a work sheet detailing the time spent and a description of the work.
  7. Document changes. Write down any agreed changes, such as quantity or timeframes, and attach to the original agreement. At a minimum email the agreed changes to the other party.
  8. Manage the contract. Once signed, don’t put the contract in the bottom draw and forget about it. Check it regularly to make sure you and the other party are meeting the requirements. If you have any concerns, raise them early.
  9. Get help if you need it. Some jobs are complex or involve large sums of money. Project management for these jobs can be complicated and sometimes risky. If you don’t have strong expertise in project management, consider hiring an expert.
  10. Communicate early and often. Communication must be clear, transparent and frequent to make sure everyone is on the same page. If issues arise address them straight away; don’t leave it to develop into something more serious.

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